[Solved] Invariant Violation: Target container is not a DOM element

FEBRUARY 25, 2019

In trying to export my React's Redux store from index.tsx to be used somewhere else outside of the React application, I was getting an Invariant Violation: Target container is not a DOM element error while running Jest tests (with Enzyme and Webpack) in the App component (App.tsx).

I found a solution to this error for my use case, which was using the same Redux store React is using outside of React.

The error

The initial code that didn't work when testing React looked like this.

// index.tsx

import * as React from "react";
import { render } from "react-dom";
import { Provider } from "react-redux";
import { applyMiddleware, compose, createStore } from "redux";
import App from "./components/App";
import { rootReducer } from "./store/reducers";
import { initialState } from "./store/state";

const middlewares = [];

export const store = createStore(
    rootReducer,
    initialState,
    compose(applyMiddleware(...middlewares)),
);

render(
    <Provider store={store}>
        <App />
    </Provider>,
    document.getElementById("root"),
);

The solution

Separate the Redux store logic into a new file named store.ts, then create a default export (to be used by index.tsx, i.e., the React application) and a non-default export with export const store (to be used from non-React classes), as follows.

// store.ts

import { applyMiddleware, compose, createStore } from "redux";
import logger from "redux-logger";
import { rootReducer } from "./store/reducers";
import { initialState } from "./store/state";

const middlewares = [];

export const store = createStore(
    rootReducer,
    initialState,
    compose(applyMiddleware(...middlewares)),
);

export default store;
// updated index.tsx

import * as React from "react";
import { render } from "react-dom";
import { Provider } from "react-redux";
import App from "./components/App";
import store from "./store";

render(
    <Provider store={store}>
        <App />
    </Provider>,
    document.getElementById("root"),
);

Using the Redux store in non-React classes

// MyClass.ts

import { store } from "./store"; // store.ts

export default class MyClass {
  handleClick() {
    store.dispatch({ ...new SomeAction() });
  }
}

The default export

A small note before you go. Here is how to use the default and the non-default exports.

  • default export store; is used with import store from "./store";
  • export const store = ... is used with import { store } from "./store";

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