Nono.MA

JULY 8, 2021

This page is incomplete

An option is to set CACHE=array on your .env file.

I need to learn why this happens and what other alternatives there are to avoid this error.

This happened to me when installing laravel-geoip https://github.com/Torann/laravel-geoip/issues/123

It makes sense that you don't want to change your cache type if you're using file or database to array simply to use a function in this package.

Other users recommended to publish tarenn/geoip's config file and disable caching and tagging.

# Publish the configuration file
php artisan vendor:publish --provider="Torann\GeoIP\GeoIPServiceProvider" --tag=config
# Copied File [/vendor/torann/geoip/config/geoip.php] To [/config/geoip.php]
# Publishing complete.
    // ...
    'cache' => 'none', // defaults to 'all'
    // ...
    'cache_tags' => [], // defaults to // ['torann-geoip-location']
    // ...

Another option is to conditionally set the tag.

    // ...
    'cache_tags' => env('CACHE_DRIVER') == "array" ? ['torann-geoip-location'] : null,
    // ...

LAST UPDATED MAY 20, 2021

If you're receiving this error when trying to composer install.

Your GitHub OAuth token for github.com contains invalid characters

Updating Composer

2021.05.20 · Update

The solution is to update Composer to the latest version, which supports the new token format, as suggested by Jordi Boggiano on this tweet. "Composer 1.10.21 and 2.0.12 (both released April 1st) added support for the new GitHub token format."

As of this writing, the following command will install the latest version of Composer on your machine (i.e., 2.0.13). Note that future Composer updates will break the script as shown here, as the hash check won't pass.

php -r "copy('https://getcomposer.org/installer', 'composer-setup.php');"
php -r "if (hash_file('sha384', 'composer-setup.php') === '756890a4488ce9024fc62c56153228907f1545c228516cbf63f885e036d37e9a59d27d63f46af1d4d07ee0f76181c7d3') { echo 'Installer verified'; } else { echo 'Installer corrupt'; unlink('composer-setup.php'); } echo PHP_EOL;"
php composer-setup.php
php -r "unlink('composer-setup.php');"

On macOS, you can use Homebrew to install (or reinstall) composer.

brew install composer
brew reinstall composer

The brute-force fix

2021.04.20

As I mentioned above, both Lukas Kahwe Smith and Jordi Boggiano discouraged tinkering with Composer's auth.json file manually and recommended upgrading Composer to its latest version instead.

Still, here's the brute-fox fix that worked for me. Apparently, editing the auth.json is the only way to update to the latest Composer programmatically, and you can revert it to its original state if you opt for this option. The alternative, of course, is to upgrade as shown above.

Edit the composer authentication configuration file ~/.composer/auth.json.

nano ~/.composer/auth.json

Then replace the following.

  "github-oauth": {
    "github.com": "ghp_[YOUR-PERSONAL-TOKEN]"
  }

With this (basic auth):

  "http-basic": {
    "github.com": {
      "username": "[YOUR-GITHUB-USERNAME]",
      "password": "ghp_[YOUR-PERSONAL-TOKEN]"
    }
  }

Source

Thanks

To Lukas Kahwe Smith and Jordi Boggiano for pointing this out on Twitter.

APRIL 20, 2021

I found this error while trying to update and install composer packages with composer install.

could not find driver (SQL: select * from information_schema.tables where table_schema = folio_burns and table_name = folio_items and table_type = 'BASE TABLE')

At first, I thought the solution was to edit /etc/php/7.4/cli/php.ini (for PHP-FPM 7.4 in my case) and uncomment the line ;extension=pdo_mysql to be like extension=pdo_mysql . But I was still getting this error as the mysql extension was missing.

PHP Warning:  PHP Startup: Unable to load dynamic library 'pdo_mysql' (tried: /usr/lib/php/20190902/pdo_mysql (/usr/lib/php/20190902/pdo_mysql: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory), /usr/lib/php/20190902/pdo_mysql.so (/usr/lib/php/20190902/pdo_mysql.so: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory)) in Unknown on line 0

The solution ended up being to install the extension, which would also add its own .ini file and activate itself on installation.

sudo apt-get install -y php7.4-mysql

Note that you can run this command with multiple extensions to be installed at once.

sudo apt-get install -y php7.4-{xml,bcmath,gd,mbstring,xsl,zip,curl,mysql}

APRIL 14, 2021

Here's how to get the raw String value of a Stringable object. Laravel's Illuminate\Support\Stringable has lots of helper functions, but sometimes you want to get the raw string value. For that, you just need to use the strval PHP built-in function on an object of the Stringable class.

// Define Strintable object
$stringable = Str::of('laravel-stringable-to-string');
get_class($stringable); // returns Illuminate\Support\Stringable
gettype($stringable); // returns object

// Get its raw String value
$string = strval($stringable);
get_class($string); // returns PHP Warning:  get_class() expects parameter 1 to be object, string given in […]
gettype($string); // returns string

FEBRUARY 26, 2020

I was getting this error in Laravel as I created a new app using the latest version (that is 6.2). Not sure why, the class would work locally but not remotely (on a deployment running in Ubuntu 18.04.3 on DigitalOcean to be precise).

I was using \ResourceBundle::getLocales('') to get a list of valid locales present on a website and then using in_array($needle, $array) to check whether a given locale is valid in PHP.

Here's how I fixed it.

  • composer require symfony/intl to install Symfony's Intl component.
  • Replaced my in_array calls with \Symfony\Component\Intl\Locales::exists($translation).

JANUARY 23, 2020

$output = preg_replace('!\s+!', ' ', $input);

From StackOverflow.

JUNE 15, 2015

Useful Laravel Dependencies

Laravel is a powerful PHP framework. Like many other PHP systems, it benefits from the use of Composer to manage its dependencies, making the use of open-source libraries extremely simple.

What follows is a list of the packages (or dependencies) I am using in most of my current projects—let me explain you why.

dimsav/laravel-translatable

A package I discovered a few weeks ago. It gives your Laravel app the possibility of adding translations for your SQL tables to various different languages, with a really flexible structure. You can, for instance, have the articles in your blog written in English by default, and only translate to certain languages the ones you want.

Then, you can show those translated languages for users that have selected that locale on their browser, but fallback to the default language if an article is not available in their language.

Check it on Github.

jenssegers/laravel-date

A package based in Carbon. It makes ridiculously simple working with dates, with support for all languages.

Some of the features I use the most are: parsing database dates to human-readable ones (2015-06-14 could be translated to Sunday 14, June 2015); expressing how long ago a content was created (posted 2 minutes ago, for instance); calculating dates in the past or in the future, by adding or substracting days, weeks, months (or whatever unit) to a date object.

Possibilities are unlimited, and this library makes it even easier that before.

Check it on Github.

rtconner/laravel-tagging

With this package, you can use the Taggable trait to any of your models, and start tagging them. Then, you can use the query builder with its own methods to filter your content depending on tags.

I have been using it for articles and projects, to organize content and allow users to navigate by article categories.

Check it on Github.

panique/laravel-sass

If you are designing with SCSS, you need a parser o automate the generation of your CSS files. This package does the job for me pretty well.

It allows you to run inline PHP functions specifying what SCSS folder to parse, and where to save the CSS. Also, it has an in-built function to minify your CSS files, compressing them a lot, so you don’t have to worry about it.

For development purposes, I tend to set a GET variable on the App::before() filter function (located on app/filters.php) to force generate new CSS files. Running the URL /home/?scss=1, for instance, would regenerate all my CSS files.

Check it on Github

vtalbot/markdown

Based on Michelf’s PHP parser, this package implements methods to parse Markdown text from strings or files directly.

One example would be calling Markdown::string($string) in your code to parse the $string from markdown to HTML.

Check it on Github

If you know other PHP packages that I should know of, please drop me a tweet! Thanks for reading.

NOVEMBER 18, 2014

Localizing A Laravel Web App

Following the series of Laravel posts, here is how to make a Laravel app adapt to whatever language the visitor has set as a preference on its browser, or how to show a default language in case your website does not support your visitor's language.

When localizing a website, I usually use the following process:

  1. Set the locale to the user's preferred language.
  2. Fallback to English when the user's preferred language is not supported by your site.

To achieve this, the first thing we need to do is add the following lines inside the App::before method, on the file app/filters.php:

App::before(function($request)
{
	// Set the locale of the app to the user's browser language
	$browser_lang = substr(Request::server('HTTP_ACCEPT_LANGUAGE'), 0, 2);
	App::setLocale($browser_lang);	
});

This will set the language to whatever first language the user browser has selected.

Then, set the fallback_locale variable inside the app/config/app.php to 'en', which will do for the falling back.

And that's it. Now just use the lang/ folder to add different language files in subfolders with their language code (i.e. lang/en/help.php for English, and lang/es/help.php for Spanish).

The strings inside the file should be wrapped in a PHP array, as follows:

<?php
return array(
  'terms' => 'términos',
  'help' => 'ayuda',
  'items' => 'artículos',
);

Lastly, you can use anywhere in your Laravel app the strings inside the help.php file, just by writing trans('help.terms'), for instance—which is a shorthand for Lang::get('help.terms'). That code, will get the terms value corresponding to the user’s language, or to the fallback language if the user’s language does not exist.

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