Here's how to obtain a Solana account from a seed phrase.
Before we get into the actual commands, I'll clarify a few concepts.
solana-keygentool, it is possible to generate new seed phrases as well as derive a keypair from an existing seed phrase and (optional) passphrase1
This is what a 12-word Solana seed phrase looks like.
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And this is what one of its corresponding accounts looks like. Specifically, I'm showing the seed phrase with an empty passphrase, which is not recommended as a good passphrase adds one more layer of security to your account.
As stated above, Solana provides the
solana-keygen command-line interface to derive keypairs from existing seed phrases and (optional) passphrases. This can be done with the
solana-keygen pubkey ASK
You should then obtain a Solana account that you can look at in Solana's explorer.
Let's create a new keypair—seed phrase and passphrase—and then derive it with
solana-keygen new command will save the key at
~/config/solana/id.json. You can use the
--no-outfile to only outputting your key on screen.
solana-keygen new --no-outfile
When prompted for a passphrase (twice), I used the following string.
# Generating a new keypair # # For added security, enter a BIP39 passphrase # # NOTE! This passphrase improves security of the recovery seed phrase NOT the # keypair file itself, which is stored as insecure plain text # # BIP39 Passphrase (empty for none): # Enter same passphrase again: # # ============================================================================ # pubkey: 4WXWzSAzPWLs7M5vMGzcZP3puKQGTCVyWXtYEQaJKP1a # ============================================================================ # Save this seed phrase and your BIP39 passphrase to recover your new keypair: # decade can extra easy copy talk monkey meat buddy crash glue lift # ============================================================================
Here, the account is
4WXWzSAzPWLs7M5vMGzcZP3puKQGTCVyWXtYEQaJKP1a, which can be browsed in Solana's explorer.
If you omit the
solana-keygen will save your key pair as a JSON array at
~/config/solana/id.json in the format shown below. You can also specify the
-o flat to provide a custom path for the JSON key pairs to be saved.
solana-keygen new -o ~/Desktop/keypair.json
// keypair.json [49,21,188,192,1,119,112,63,145,159,153,136,201,251,34,120,155,24,35,79,187,18,54,109,196,59,155,28,32,45,35,190,132,136,69,221,208,223,184,50,3,123,157,23,248,183,98,232,226,66,205,114,148,137,240,157,79,214,127,224,101,118,159,65]
We've created the
4WXWzSAzPWLs7M5vMGzcZP3puKQGTCVyWXtYEQaJKP1a account, and we have its seed phrase and passphrase. If we move to a new machine or somehow lost our keys, here's how to recover (or derive) them.
solana-keygen pubkey ASK # Feed seed phrase when prompted decade can extra easy copy talk monkey meat buddy crash glue lift # Feed passphrase when prompted SomeSafeP4ssw0rdHere@97vmJ!9!7721 # Derived account 4WXWzSAzPWLs7M5vMGzcZP3puKQGTCVyWXtYEQaJKP1a
For more information, Read Solana's Paper Wallet documentation.
In case you want to send a token of appreciation my way, here's my Solana address. =)
Paper Wallet. Solana. ↩ ↩
BIP-39 describes how to generate a 512-bit seed from the seed phrase. Abiraja. ↩